NASA CREWS

CREWS: Crew Recommender for Effective Work in Space

Funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Award number NNX15AM32G.

Team composition, the configuration of member attributes and their relationships, is a critical enabling feature of fostering effective teamwork and likely to play an important role in the effectiveness of future long-duration space exploration (LDSE). Limited research on team composition in environments analogous to LDSE exists, and currently how team composition can be used to optimize crew functioning and performance is unclear.

Our research aims to:

  1. Identify the effects of team composition on team functioning in LDSE and the critical factors of team composition driving this effect.
  2. Identify particular patterns of this effect with different team compositions.
  3. Identify methods for composing teams for LDSE.
  4. Develop a predictive team composition model for use in composing teams and identify potential issues with already composed teams.
  5. Provide recommendations for composing teams for LDSE.

To address these critical aims, our 3-year, multi-method research effort works to:

  1. Develop an agent-based model of team composition for LDSE based on empirical data linking key model inputs (e.g., individual difference variables, network relational factors, task characteristics) to team functioning (e.g., social integration, team processes, team cohesion, team conflict) in LDSE-relevant contexts.
  2. Conduct virtual experiments using characteristics and relationships identified in Phase I to identify the team functioning patterns that arise under different member compositions, and create a predictive model of team composition.
  3. Conduct an initial validation of the model developed in Phase 2 in the HERA and NEEMO analogue environments using specific manipulations of key factors (e.g., compositions; situational characteristics). Research products critical to closing Team Gap 8 are being developed including a predictive model of team composition in LDSE, evidence in support of the model, and a mockup of an interface to assist in the staffing and management of LDSE crew and mission teams.

 

https://youtu.be/vWkx9rb8l2E

Publications and Presentations:

Schecter, A. & Mell, J. (2017, August). The antecedents and implications of information sharing processes in multiteam systems. Paper to be presented at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA

Larson, L. E., Jones, B. R., DeChurch, L. A., & Gibson, Z. (2017, August). Language, leadership, and identity construction in multiteam systems. Paper to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Atlanta, GA.

Larson, L. E., Gomez-Zara, D., Jones, B. R., DeChurch, L. A., & Contractor, N. S. (2017, July). Social identity, social identification, and intergroup leadership. Paper to be presented at the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research Annual Meeting,, Saint Louis, MI.

Ng, J., Antone, W., Gibson, Z., Bell, S.T., DeChurch, L.A., Contractor, N.S. (2017, April). Crew Recommender for Effective Work in Space: CREWS. Paper presented at the Building Better Teams on Earth and Beyond Symposium at the SIOP Conference, Orlando, Fl.

DeChurch, L. A., Larson, L., Gomez-Zara, D., Jones, B., Contractor, N. S., & Johnson, J. (2017, January). Leadership Emergence in Space Multiteam Systems. Paper presented at the 2017 NASA Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop, Galveston, TX.

Contractor, N. S., Gibson, Z., Antone, W., Ng, J., DeChurch, L. A., & Bell, S. T. (2017, January). Composing effective space crews: Predicting crew camaraderie (CREWS). Paper presented at the NASA Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop, Galveston, TX.

Contractor, N. S., Gokhman, I. A., Larson, L. E., Bell, S. T., & DeChurch, L. A. (2017, January). Leadership networks in space crews. Poster presented at the NASA Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop, Galveston, TX.

Contractor, N. S., Antone, W., Gibson, Z., Ng, J., DeChurch, L. A., & Bell, S. T. (2017, January). Building extreme teams: Simulating team composition effects in isolated and confined environments. Poster presented at the NASA Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop, Galveston, TX.

Antone, W., Contractor, N. S., Bell, S. T., & DeChurch, L. A. (2017, January). Faulty analysis: Analyzing the validity of different faultline measurement algorithms for long-duration space exploration. Poster presented at the NASA Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop, Galveston, TX.

Schecter, A., Sun, Y., DeChurch, L. A., & Contractor, N. S. (2016, July). The semantic networks that underpin group interaction. Paper presented at the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research Annual Meeting, Helsinki, Finland.

Contractor, N. S., Bell, S., DeChurch, L. A., Brown, S., Hernandez, I., Forbush, E., & Jones, B. (2016, February). CREWS: Crew recommender for effective work in space. Poster presented at the NASA Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop, Galveston, TX.

Weiss, J. A., Outland, N. B., Bell, S. T., DeChurch, L. A., Contractor, N. S. (2017, January). Interpersonal compatibility in HERA 2016. Poster presented at the NASA Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop, Galveston, TX.

Outland, N. B., Bell, S. T., Contractor, N. S., DeChurch, L. A., Weiss, J. A. (2017, January). Determinants of team viability over time: An ERGM analysis. Poster presented at the NASA Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop, Galveston, TX.

Bell, S. T. (2017, August) with M. Barrick, C. Zapata, A. Ryann, & B. Schneider. In K. Ostermeier & P. Sigdyal (Co-Chairs). New Directions in Personality Research – Where Do We Go Now?  Panel presented the 2017 Academy of Management Conference, Atlanta, GA. **Selected as a Showcase Symposium

Brown, S. G., Vazquez, M., & Bell, S. T. (2017, April). Team Composition and Performance at Different Levels of Virtuality: A Meta-analysis. In N. Savage (Chair). Virtual teams “in the wild” considering individual and contextual influences. Symposium presented at the 32nd annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference, Orlando, FL

Bell, S. T. (panelist) (2017). More than Just Average: Novel Approaches to Measurement in Teams. Panel discussion at the 32nd annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference, Orlando, FL.

Vessey, W. B., & Bell, S. T. (co-host) (2017). Industrial and Organizational Psychologists and Space Related Research. Community of interest at the 32nd annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference, Orlando, FL.

Investigators:

Noshir Contractor (PI), Leslie DeChurch

Suzanne Bell – DePaul University

SONIC Team Members:

Zach GibsonBrennan Antone